From year to year, Indonesia has lost its mangrove forest as much as 5,58 million hectares (what a number!).
According to data on 1999, at that time, Indonesia has totally 8,6 million hectares mangrove forest. Yet, since 1999 to 2005, that number is keep falling as much as 5,58 million hectares or about 64%. Nowadays, mangrove forest in Indonesia which categorized as in good condition only 3,6 million hectares left, the rest are in damaged condition or medium.
That facts are presented in a discussion and workshop “Pengembangan Ekowisata untuk Mendukung Konservasi Mangrove” which held by Ministry of Forestry and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) at Banyuwangi, East Java.
According to Faculty of Forestry researcher from Gadjah Mada University, Siti Nurul Rofiqo, on that opportunity, factor that gave occasion to falling number of mangrove forest area is land opening (deforestation) in coastal area which causing some problems, such as abrasion, and so on.
Mangrove, as one of natural resource which grows on beach or coastal area, is a unique ecosystem. Mangrove forest ecosystem become an interface ecosystem between land and sea.
Impact of loss of the mangrove begin affect people who lived in the coastal area. In fact, mangrove forest not only has ecology function, but also economy. With loss of mangrove on one area, will also affect the fisherman’s catching of fishes, crabs, and shells that also decreasing.